Mediators of civic culture in Medellín
Medellín is the second most populous city in Colombia, with 2,508,452 inhabitants. Its administrative division is made up of 16 urban communes and 5 rural townships. The city has undergone a process of growth marked by multiple challenges and needs. From the 1950s through the 1970s, Medellín was the country's industrial centre. This period saw significant urban transformations due to both the population increase and a lack of institutional response in line with contemporary realities. Subsequently, the 1980s and 1990s was a time of instability, violence, and fear that eventually subsided.
These decades had economic, social, and cultural consequences that were reversed with initiatives such as strategic plans, urban regeneration, and coexistence work. Such projects were driven by organized civil society, bodies serving the community interests, entrepreneurs, universities, and the concept of institutionalism. The results of these efforts began to emerge at the beginning of the year 2000 with security strategies that had positive impacts, and with the implementation of innovative practices related to urban and public management. Although some challenges and problems may still persist today, the city is recognized worldwide for its resilience, transformation, and innovation, which was made possible through leadership, commitment, and trust in its people.
Medellín and culture
Since 2000, culture has become an inseparable part of citizen transformation, particularly given the previous era of violence. In 2002, the Department of Citizen Culture was created. Since then it has become a central pillar of the municipal administration, with a growing level of investment in cultural facilities and training that both help establish art as a vehicle for promoting citizenship.
In recent years, studies have revealed problems related to views on institutional trust, which is an essential basis for effective governance. According to the 2015 Civic Culture Survey (ECC), institutional trust was at 26%, and the level of trust in public officials was only 14%. In response to this issue, the 2016 - 2019 administration introduced a new perspective into the "Medellín Depends on You" Development Plan, with the cross-cutting approach of "1. We Believe in Citizens' Trust". This line of action proposed citizen culture as a means to strengthening institutional trust and promoting co-responsible citizenship by developing their environment.
This project addresses the need to strengthen relationships of trust between citizens, officials, and institutions in order to develop collective, inclusive and co-responsible efforts that improve coexistence in the city.
The Mediators of Civic Culture project is an initiative of the Undersecretary of Cultural Citizenship. It is outlined in both the Medellín Depends on You Development Plan (2016-2019) and in the Medellín 2011-2020 Cultural Development Plan, wherein civic culture is approached from a pedagogical perspective to achieve greater harmony between behaviour and regulatory systems. This project is a creative cross-cutting strategy that links a civic culture approach with the other Departments of the Municipal Government through the consolidation of partnerships and fundamental learning processes on art and culture.
Mediators of Civic Culture is based on 4 fundamental values that relate to Agenda 21 for culture:
- Cultural development strategies as a means to guarantee freedom of expression, promote conflict resolution, and generate conditions for peace
- Inviting creators and artists to take on a commitment to the challenges of cities, thereby improving coexistence and quality of life, as well as expanding the creative and critical capacity of all citizens
- Expanding audiences and the promotion of cultural participation in different spaces so as to build citizenship and foster interaction between institutions and the community.
- Coexistence as an agreement of the joint responsibility between citizens, civil society, and government for a culture of peace
Today, the "Medellín Depends on You" Development Plan has been recognized for its contribution to creating sustainability agendas. It was awarded the Best Development Plan in the Country, with a high rating for its relationship to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
More specifically, "Mediators of Civic Culture" relates to Goals 4 and 16 because the project promotes cultural understanding and education of diversity based on trust, coexistence, and legality as means for social cohesion, peace and prevention, and conflict resolution.
The methodology includes theoretical and practical workshops exploring the tools of art where participants recognize their potential as well as their responsibility in regional transformation and building a culture of peace.
Objectives and project implementation
Primary and Specific Objectives
The main goal is to strengthen citizens' skills for building trust in the region. This is achieved through education meetings that use civic culture and art as a way of focusing on social and community experiences. This may influence public officials in charge of energizing processes of coexistence in different parts of the city.
- To create tools for interaction between territorial stakeholders from the Medellín City Hall and citizens, thereby contributing to the increase in levels of institutional trust and citizen confidence
- Promote artistic and social strategies that energize citizen interaction with a respect for differences, a celebration of diversity, and citizen participation
- To favour processes, both by and for communities, around collective and collaborative creation; to establish language around the arts that facilitates spontaneous exchanges and the sharing of knowledge and experiences
Main actions carried out
Arts training networks were strengthened by bringing together 5 creative centres, each representing a different sphere: performing arts, audiovisual arts, dance, literature, and music
- Training was provided for 610 territorial professionals as mediators of culture
- Seven (7) bodies have committed to civic culture in their territorial programmes and projects: Security and Coexistence, Health, Youth, Participation, Education, Culture, and the Social Institute for Housing and Habitat Medellín (ISVIMED)
- Four (4) creative meetings were held with the participation of 500 regional managers sensitized and trained in discussing citizen culture
- One meeting was held with the participation of 110 officials and territorial managers on socialization and the exchange of experiences
- An education kit with regional work tools was developed
- The Interdepartmental Board of Civic Culture was strengthened with the participation and commitment of new actors
- Institutions recorded the experience on video
- Sensitization and outreach was carried out with other entities to implement the process for the remainder of the project
- Six (6) joint workspaces were acquired for the planning, design, and implementation of programmes and projects focused on civic culture alongside the Departments of Education, Security and Coexistence, Health, and Participation
Each creative centre developed its workshops from different methodological proposals outlined below:
|Performing Arts –
Circo Momo Organization
|Provide mediation tools to officials of different entities to intervene emphatically, creatively, and assertively in the transformation of conflicts||Use of the play and the community circus as alternative scenarios for the transfer and strengthening of coexistence tools, life skills, and mediation||-Strengthening of the self -Building relationships with others -Relationships within contexts|
Casa Tres Patios Organization
|Empower mediators of civic culture for creative conflict transformation focused on coexistence through relational art||Shared laboratories for creation and the generation knowledge with activities related to contemporary artistic practices||-Creative conflict transformation -Experience coexistence within the framework of relational art -Empathy and assertive communication|
|Promote a creative and responsive critical experience on the experience of performance creation||Dance as physical entertainment, creative exploration, the flow of expression, and shared movement||-Body: "My body enclosed; my body in the open air". -Journey: "The streets where I grew up" / "Streets and life paths". -Conjugation: "You, him, the others, we others"|
Organization of the Music School Network of Medellín
|Provide a space for the construction of citizenship through music||Music as an element of collective construction through stimulation, play, and the body||Composition Rhythm Percussion Body|
Language Workshop Organization
|Provide methodological tools to promote proposals for coexistence and conflict transformation through literature||Creative workshops, co-creation, creative writing, literary discussion||Communication Coexistence Acceptance Conflict Power|
The strategy to implement this project has a budget of 225,069 Euros over the four years from 2016 through 2019.
In the assessment exercises, participating local cultural actors (78% of whom were women) showed that the strategy provided multiple tools that can be applied to their work environments.
Impact on the Local Government
The project has helped develop new learning through art, which has transformed the imaginations, perceptions, and attitudes of both the government professionals and cultural organizations that initiated the process in the first place. This ultimately establishes better relationships in their work environments and in their direct work with members of the public.
Impact on Culture and on Local Cultural Actors
From what they learned, 89% of the participants claimed that they used some of the methodologies in their regional activities and workshops, while 88% claim to have established new alliances with other agencies.
Impacts on the Territory and Population
The city has established itself as a supporter of social action based on activities that promote the common good, as well as relationships of respect for the policy and relationships of trust, which are pillars of regional development processes.
- A survey was developed to assess the contents of the education workshops and the closing workshop. The results would help demonstrate the learning which would be then put into practice. For 2018 it was proposed that an evaluation be carried out that would make it possible to analyze the most important changes based on the stories of the participants.
- Two indicators outlined in the action plan determined the number of participants and institutional partnerships that are to be linked to generate mediation strategies for civic culture.
- The City Development Plan states that institutional trust is an important indicator of the commitment to citizen culture in Medellín. As a result, projects and strategies such as the current Mediators of Civic Culture process are proposed. Furthermore, a citizen culture survey was proposed to highlight the progress related to the city's immediate needs and conditions.
- Mainstreaming a focus on civic culture within administrative units
- Promoting trusted institutional environments
- Strengthening citizen skills in regional agents through creative processes based on art and culture that promote proximity and interaction with citizens
While it may continue to be altered according to the prerogative of each new government, Mediators of Civic Culture is a strategy with the potential to be replicated for management by Undersecretary of Cultural Citizenship. It is for this reason that the process is part of institutional activity around citizen culture, in line with the Public Policy on Civic Culture of Medellín.
Medellín was a candidate for the third "UCLG Mexico City – Culture 21 International Award" (November 2017 - May of 2018). The jury for the award drew up its final report in June of 2018, and requested that the Committee on Culture promote this project as one of the good practices to be implemented through Agenda 21 for culture.
This article was written by Santiago Silva Jaramillo, Undersecretary of Cultural Citizenship for the Municipality of Medellín (Antioquia, Colombia).